1. Foreword: Evolution in the Century of Biology. Thomas R. Meagher and Douglas J. Futuyma. (October 2001). The American Naturalist, Vol 158, No. S4, pp. S1-S46, Executive Document: Evolution Science and Society. Published by the University of Chicago Press for the American Society of Naturalists. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/509090. Accessed: August 31, 2013. Transitions in the Fossil Record: Whales from Ungulates, J. John Sepkoski, Jr., University of Chicago. Excerpt from Appendix II, paragraph 1, p. S43. “At the invitation of their respective society presidents, representatives* from the American Society of Naturalists (ASN), the Society for the Study of Evolution (SSE), the Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution (SMBE), the Ecological Society of America (ESA), the Society of Systematic Biologists (SSB), the Genetics Society of America (GSA), the Animal Behavior Society (ABS), and the Paleontological Society (PS) met in Indianapolis, Indiana, on April 22-23, 1995, to discuss the need for preparation of a report defining the challenges and opportunities facing the science of evolution.” p. S22: “It is now known, through a seamless series of transitions found in the fossil record, that cetaceans evolved during the Early Eocene from a primitive group of carnivorous ungulates (hoofed mammals) called mesonychids.”

2. Thewissen, J. G. M. and Williams, E. M. (November 2002). The early radiations of Cetacea (Mammalia): Evolutionary pattern and developmental correlations. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, Vol 33, pp. 73-90. Published by: Annual Reviews Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3069257 “The origin and early evolution of Cetacea (whales, dolphins, and porpoises) is one of the best examples of macroevolution as documented by fossils.”

3. E-mail interview with Dr. Clayton Ray, Curator at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History from 1963 to 1994, and subsequently Curator Emeritus at the Smithsonian, conducted December 12, 2005, by author. “Fifteen years ago, the origin and early evolution of whales was even more hopeless than that of pinnipeds [seals and sea lions] and gave the creationists much to crow about. Now, suddenly, the paleontology of early whales is one of our most widely and justly trumpeted success stories.”

4. Interview with Dr. Annalisa Berta, Professor at San Diego State University, for video series Evolution: The Grand Experiment, conducted February 16, 1998, by author. “What is good to show about these particular fossil whale specimens is that they do show us intermediates in the evolution of whales. We don’t often get fossil intermediates so we can actually trace the development of characters, say, for example, the evolution of swimming in whales. We don’t often have that opportunity.”

5. Interview with Dr. Kevin Padian, Paleontologist, University of California, Berkeley, for video series Evolution: The Grand Experiment, conducted in November 1998, by author. “We now have whales with legs, whales with reduced legs, whales with little tiny legs, whales with no legs at all, and their heads are getting bigger and their teeth are getting stranger...They have a big exhibit on it out in Michigan, in Ann Arbor. Yeah, I was just there. They have all these things just sitting out there. They’re all there. I mean, you really have to be blind or three days dead not to see the transition among these. You know, you have to not want to see it. And, a big part of the question, why doesn’t everybody agree on these things, is that it comes down to what you bring to the questions to begin with. If you don’t want to see things, you’re not going to see them. And we are all guilty of not wanting to see certain things.”

6. Paris NHM http://cetaces.mnhn.fr/data/pdf/cetaces_ressources_02.pdf http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ambulocetus_natans.jpg

7. National Museum of Natural History, Leiden Holland

8. Pisa, Italy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museo_storia_naturale_di_Pisa

9. National Museum of Nature and Science, Tokyo http://archosaurmusings.wordpress.com/2011/09/26/whale-evolution-series/

10. Munster, Germany at the current whale exhibition (2012/2013) http://www.deviantart.com/morelikethis/artists/341003560?view_mode=2